September 22, 2023

Half 3, Additional Building Fundamentals will current additional instruments that had been developed by Dr. Alan Andrews and his college students.

Warning Traces

Warning Traces are parallel strains drawn outdoors the unique pitchfork strains. They’re drawn equidistant from the Median Line and “tines” or Parallel Traces of the Pitchfork.

I barely altered the labeling of the chart above and those who comply with to PO (level of origin) by P3. I’ve utilized to the chart above, two higher and two decrease warning strains (inexperienced dashed strains) to the chart that was posted in our final tutorial weblog. There’s little query now as to the validity of pattern or frequency as will be seen by the inexperienced circles. You will need to level out that in Pitchfork evaluation minor violations on an intra-day or closing foundation will not be essential to the spirt of the validity.

Inner Traces

Together with Warning Iines, Inner Traces will also be drawn.

As displayed within the Schiff Pitchfork instance above drawn on the Day by day S&P 500 Index chart the Inner Traces are drawn on the identical angle midway between the Parallel Traces and the Median Line of the Schiff Pitchfork. I’ve drawn the Inner Traces in crimson for readability functions. Costs revered help at each the Decrease Inner Line and the Higher Inner Line quite a few instances.  I must also add that so long as the Inner Traces are drawn on the identical vector or angle of the Pitchfork they are often drawn by trial and error at any spacing between the Median Line aand the Higher and Decrease Parallel. Some analysts use Fibonacci ratios.

Sliding Parallels

Sliding Parallels (SP on the instance above) are strains drawn parallel to the median line. They are often drawn between the higher and decrease parallels or outdoors the confines of the pitchfork (an instance of an Outdoors Sliding Parallel is posted under. They all the time share the identical angle and characterize inside and exterior help and resistance. On shut inspection of the chart above readers will discover that the sliding parallel (blue line) could be very near a 50% inside line.

Hagopian Traces

Our subsequent instance focuses on a further affirmation device utilized in median line evaluation. This method was introduced to Dr. Andrews by one in every of his course members, a Mr. Hagopian. On the chart under, the primary Hagopian Line (H1) is drawn from the Level of Origin (PO), or the primary worth pivot chosen, to P2 or third cheaper price pivot. The second can also be drawn from the PO however this one is drawn to P1, the second chosen worth pivot. Each are drawn in blue).

To paraphrase Dr. Andrews, when costs fail to return to the median line (which research have claimed to happen 80% of the time), a reversal could also be on the horizon. Within the chart above, worth slowed on the 50% inside line, reversed, and broke above the higher parallel line. The reversal is confirmed by worth buying and selling although the higher Hagopian Line, labeled H1.

Swing Parallel Traces

Swing Parallel Traces are strains drawn throughout the pitchfork parallel to the bottom or swing line (within the above instance P1 to P2 of the Schiff Modified Pitchfork in inexperienced). On this case we have now not prolonged the Pitchfork again to raised establish the Pitchfork Deal with. The gap would be the identical because the size of the pitchfork deal with (highlighted in orange). These swing parallels, SP1 and SP2, additional establish factors of help and resistance on the worth grid.

Within the subsequent Median Line Evaluation, A.Okay.A. Andrews Pitchfork, Half #4, Additional Methods, I’ll share additional methods and strategies utilizing Pitchforks. These embody what we have now coined as “Mixture Pitchforks” and “Dueling Pitchforks” which when mixed create a help and resistance frequency grid in worth and time (one in every of which we present above). We can even show pitchforks utilized in live performance with Momentum Oscillators and Elliott Wave.

Charts are courtesy of Optuma whose charting software program allows customers to use, modify and modify Pitchfork variations and related instruments within the above charts at a click on of the mouse. To obtain a 30-day trial of Optuma charting software program go to