September 22, 2023

This publish is a part of a sequence sponsored by IAT Insurance coverage Group.

The driving force scarcity continues to be a serious problem for fleets throughout the nation. That’s as a result of the trade is brief an estimated 80,000 drivers, a quantity estimated to climb to 160,000 by 2030.[1]

Exacerbating the difficulty is the getting older demographic within the business truck driving trade. Presently, the typical age of economic truck drivers in the USA is 48 years previous.[2]

One necessary recruitment technique for fleets is to bring in younger drivers, and in lots of states, 18-year-olds can now qualify for a business driving license (CDL) though they will solely function a business car inside their very own state. As soon as drivers flip 21, they’re allowed to drive intrastate.[3]

To maintain new and youthful drivers protected, the Federal Motor Service Security Administration (FMCSA) is mandating all new drivers to finish the Entry-Level Driving Training (ELDT) program, a nationwide baseline security normal, earlier than they check for his or her business driver’s license (CDL). Many fleet carriers at the moment are changing into licensed ELDT coaching websites to allow them to onboard and prepare new drivers rapidly.

ELDT Program Necessities

ELDT coaching necessities for entry-level drivers pertain to uniform security necessities for working business autos.[4] This is applicable to:

  • Entry-level drivers who wish to receive a Class A or Class B CDL for the primary time
  • Drivers who wish to improve an current Class B CDL to a Class A CDL
  • Drivers who wish to receive a college bus (S), passenger (P), or hazardous supplies (H) endorsement for the primary time[5]

The principles took impact for these making use of for a business learner’s allow (CLP) on or after Feb. 7, 2022.

The ELDP necessities embody each principle and behind-the-wheel coaching. The curriculum consists of:

  • Lectures, demonstrations, and computer-based on-line studying
  • Coaching on orientation, primary operation, protected working practices, superior operations, and non-driving actions corresponding to logging or hauling cargo at a location
  • A minimal rating of 80% on the evaluation

For the behind-the-wheel coaching, this consists of:

  • Coaching to happen in a CMV on a variety or public highway
  • Simulators aren’t permitted
  • Drivers are educated on primary car management expertise and mastery of primary maneuvers.

the coach determines the motive force’s stage of proficiency. 4

ELDT coaching registry

The ELDT requires fleets providing coaching to hitch their coaching registry, permitting drivers to search out and join straight with you. To qualify as an in-classroom coach, your instructors will need to have not less than two years of CDL driving and expertise pulling trailers. To supply behind-the-wheel coaching, driver instructors will need to have two years of expertise as a behind-the-wheel teacher[6].

Younger new hires should full all their coaching earlier than going to their state licensing division to take a CDL expertise check. FMCSA requires the coach to enter all related data into their system inside 24 hours of coaching completion to allow their pupil to take the check.

Instructors additionally should maintain their very own CDL in good standing and supply good high quality coaching. If the FMCSA determines an teacher shouldn’t be doing their job, they will take away that particular person from the coaching registry.

For extra data on organising your ELDT program or onboarding drivers with this system attain out to IAT’s transportation team.


Have a query on learn how to mitigate threat? E-mail [email protected] for an opportunity to see your query answered in a future weblog.

By Nancy Ross-Anderson

[1] American Trucking Associations, Inc. “Driver Shortage Update 2021,” October 25, 2021.

[2] Zippia “Professional Truck Driver Demographics and Statistics in the US,” September 9, 2022.

[3] Good Trucking CDL Age Requirements: A Quick Guide to Truck Driver Age Limits,” February 23, 2022.

[4] FMCSA “Training Provider Registry.”

[5] FMCSA “Entry-Level Driver Training (ELDT),” February 8, 2022.


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